March 10 marks the 60th anniversary of the 1959 Tibet uprising against Chinese rule. The rebellion ultimately failed, leading to the decades-long exile of the 14th Dalai Lama, the Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader.
In the six decades since he escaped to India, the Dalai Lama has evolved into an international icon of nonviolence and spiritual aspirations, traveling frequently and being hosted by political and religious leaders as well as celebrities around the world.
Here is a look at his journey from living among his people at age 23 to his status now as an 83-year-old man unable to return home.
AP PHOTO Chinese Red Army troops fire heavy artillery guns in Lhasa Valley, Tibet, on March 17, 1959, crushing a Tibetan uprising against the Chinese occupation.
AFP/GETTY IMAGES Tibetans gather during armed uprising against Chinese rule March 10, 1959, in front of the Potala Palace (former home of the Dalai Lama) in Lhasa.
AP PHOTO The 23-year-old Dalai Lama and his escape party is shown on the fourth day of their flight to freedom as they cross the Zsagola pass, in Southern Tibet, while being pursued by Chinese military forces, on March 21, 1959, after fleeing Lhasa.
AFP/GETTY IMAGES Tibetan monks, surrounded by soldiers of the Chinese Popular Liberation Army, lay down arms in April 1959, somewhere in the Tibetan mountains after an unsuccessful armed uprising against Chinese rule.
AP PHOTO An Indian official greets the Dalai Lama on the latter’s arrival at a military camp on the frontier of Assam April 18, 1959, in India.
AP PHOTO Armed with a sword, a member of the Dalai Lama’s Tibetan bodyguard is shown at Birla House, Mussoorie, India, April 21, 1959.
AP PHOTO The Dalai Lama of Tibet poses with his hosts, the wealthy Indian Birla brothers and their families April 28, 1959, at Birla house, Mussoorie, India.
AP PHOTO The Dalai Lama of Tibet, right, sitting under a portrait of the Buddha, inaugurates the 2,503rd birthday of the Buddha at Birla House in Mussoorie, India on May 22, 1959.
AP PHOTO The Dalai Lama at a press conference on June 25, 1959.
AP PHOTO/FRED WATERS The Dalai Lama of Tibet visits the Taj Mahal in Agra, India on Dec. 8, 1959.
AP PHOTO Behind rain-spattered window of car bearing him to his Tokyo hotel, the Dalai Lama greets crowd at the city’s International Airport after arrival from India on Sept. 25, 1967.
AP PHOTO The Dalai Lama converted about 2,000 Hindu untouchables to Buddhism at a colorful ceremony in New Delhi on March 11, 1973.
AP PHOTO/GENE KRAMER Tibet’s Dalai Lama in Simla, India on Oct. 24, 1978, as he nears his 20th anniversary in exile from his native homeland of Tibet.
AP PHOTO/T. MATSUMOTO Welcomed in Tokyo in 1978.
AP PHOTO/DAN GROSSI Television talk show host Tom Snyder shares a joke with the Dalai Lama during the taping of NBC’s “Tomorrow” show in New York, Sept. 5, 1979.
AP PHOTO/ROBERT H. HOUSTON The Dalai Lama met with then-San Francisco Mayor Diane Feinstein and her fiancé Richard Blum at San Francisco City Hall, Sept. 26, 1979.
AP PHOTO Pope John Paul II shakes hands with Dalai Lama, exiled spiritual leader of more than 6 million Tibetans, during a private meeting in Vatican City in Oct. 9, 1980.
AP PHOTO/SONDEEP SHANKAR Tibetan spiritual and political leader Dalai Lama offers a scarf during a special prayer meeting Oct. 7, 1987, in the Himalayan foothill town Dharmasala for the estimated 14 dead during the unrest in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital.
AP PHOTO/NEAL ULEVICH The ruins of a Tibetan Buddhist monastery sit on a hill outside Lhasa, July 16, 1985. Before the 1959 revolt against China and the subsequent chaos of the 1966-76 Cultural Revolution, Tibet had more than 2,700 monasteries.
AP PHOTO/DAVE CAULKIN Mother Teresa of Calcutta meets with the Dalai Lama, at the Global Survival Conference in Oxford, England April 12, 1988.
AP PHOTO/REED SAXON The Dalai Lama of Tibet is flanked by actor and activist Richard Gere, left, and model and actress Cindy Crawford, at a dinner to benefit the American Himalayan Foundation at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California on Sept. 17, 1993.
REUTERS The Dalai Lama waves to the crowd at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival on the mall in Washington on July 2, 2000.
REUTERS/MIKE SEGAR The Dalai Lama, speaks to a crowd estimated at over 40,000 in New York’s Central Park on Aug. 15, 1999.
REUTERS/DAVID GRAY The Dalai Lama speaks to a large crowd in Sydney on May 26, 2002.
REUTERS/CLARO CORTES IV Chinese military police keep watch on the roof of Potala Palace in Lhasa on Aug. 12, 2002.
REUTERS/BORIS ROESSLER/POOL The Dalai Lama salutes a crowd near Frankfurt, Germany on Sept. 22, 2007.
REUTERS/RUPAK DE CHOWDHURI Tibetan monks take part in a candle light rally on the outskirts of the Indian city of Siliguri in support of the protests in Tibet on March 15, 2008.
REUTERS/ADNAN ABIDI Police arrest a Tibetan exile outside the Chinese embassy in New Delhi on March 17, 2008.
REUTERS/ADNAN ABIDI Tibetan monks shout slogans during a protest in New Delhi on March 17, 2008.
REUTERS/SHANNON STAPLETON The Dalai Lama greets Buddhist monks before a teaching session at Radio City Music Hall in New York on May 20, 2010.
REUTERS The Dalai Lama poses for a picture with the students of a Tibetan school after inaugurating its auditorium at Gurupura in the southern Indian state of Karnataka on July 14, 2013.
REUTERS A young Tibetan monk holds a portrait of the Dalai Lama, during celebrations marking his 80th birthday anniversary in the northern hill town of Dharamsala, India on July 6, 2015.
REUTERS/ANUWAR HAZARIKA The Dalai Lama waves to his followers before delivering teachings at the Thupsung Dhargyeling Monastery in Dirang, in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, India on April 6, 2017.
REUTERS/ARND WIEGMANN Dalai Lama arrives for his visit to the Tibet Institute Rikon in Rikon, Switzerland on Sept. 21, 2018.